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Background of End of Course
By 2030, Singapore’s ageing population will see a threefold increase in the number of ressidents aged 65 years and above (MYCS Report on the Ageing Population, 2006). A 2012 Straits Times article reported that 20% of households visited by staff from Senior Activity Centers (SAC) exhibited signs of hoarding. Besides
a)    Conduct a literature review on social and emotional needs of Asian elderly and specially on how earlier wartime experiences may have long term effects on issues in old age. From the cultural perspective, as well as life course perspective, do the current cohort of elderly (above 60 years) have values and beliefs that predispose them to hoarding as a habit? (10 marks)

b)    Apply ethno-cultural concepts to explain hoarding behaviour and practices of interviewees based on the literature review. Extend the discussion to include data collected on the two “hoarder” respondents you interviewed. Theories and concepts and concepts learnt in the course should be applied. (5 marks)

c)    Describe characteristics of hoarders you interviewed with regard to demographics, existing illness, etc. (5 marks)

d)    Define hoarding and measure hoarding severity of interviewees through established scales (eg Clutter-Hoarding Scale, NSCGS, 2003). (18 marks)

e)    Analyse the motivations for motivations for hoarding: cognitive, affective, behavioural based on the data collected through interviews. (15 marks)

f)    With reference to your interviewees and literature review, hypothesize and assess the pathways to hoarding (eg how erroneous cognitions and motivations may lead to hoarding behaviour). (10 marks)

g)    Based on the interview data collected, how do the hoarders compare with non-hoarders on measures of personality, pettiness, stress anxiety, depression and resilience? Specific scales will be elaborated in class. (15 marks)  Conner Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC)

h)    Formulate two recommendations for psychosocial interventions and/or services for people with habitual hoarding behaviour in Singapore. (10 marks)

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