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All students must participate. Answer only one question. Each question has 2 parts. Please do not repeat what was stated before, you will not earn points that way. However you may add a different point. Only your (one) contribution is required this week. Do not respond to peers.
After reading chapters 12 and 13 of Tappen and reading the lecture;
Question 1. (a) Name one identified Issue that support the needs for Ethical Guidelines.









(b) Name one issue related to Ethical Research Conduct.
Question 2.
(a) What is the end goal of Participant Recruitment and list one method of recruitment?



(b) At what point during the study is Consent Obtained.
Week 8
– NGR 5110 – Nursing Research
Ethical Issues and Consent and Participant Recruitment
Welcome to week eight class,
No Discussion Board Assignment
See WiKi relating to chapters 12 and 13, this weeks lecture. This week there are no formal discussion board assignments. However,
This week we will explore some of the ethical issues that take place in research and to recruit participants for your studies.
Why should we have a concern regarding ethical issues in research? What is the significance of obtaining participant consent prior to their engagement in any study?
In the past, you may have heard me mentioned that all research is flawed. While this may be true, the discrepancies noted should never be intentional in research. Yes, human error does occur, but issues such as plagiarism, falsification of data, mistreatment of participants, and other atrocities should never occur. Unfortunately, the Nuremberg Experiment, the Tuskegee Experiment, and the Guatemala Study were all crimes that were conducted in the name of research. Altruism, benevolence, informed consent, participant rights, ethical treatment are all required traits or behaviors that researchers should be aware of and implement.
Assignments
Website Link: Click on the following link to review one example of unethical research, this story reflects the Tuskegee Experiment.
https://www.history.com/news/the-infamous-40-year-tuskegee-study
Please review the videos below regarding research ethics.
Video: Research Ethics
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zbi7nIbAuMQ
Video: Ethics: Human Subject Research
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e0uydNe4cQo
Video: How IRBs Protect Human Research Participants
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U8fme1boEbE
Reading –
Read Chapter 12:
Ethical Issues and Consent
Read Chapter 13: Participant Recruitment
Article Link: Institutional Review Boards – Purpose and Challenges
An
IRB has
the authority to approve, require modifications in (to secure approval), or disapprove research. This group review
serves
an important
role
in the protection of the rights and welfare of human research subjects.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4631034/
Participant Recruitment for Research
There are several methods for obtaining participants for your studies. Please remember that not all your participants that are recruited will be eligible to participate in your research studies.
They may be excluded based on your criteria. A prime example would be if you are conducting a study involving Asian females, you would have to exclude European males from the study, this is based on criteria, not discrimination.
https://digital.ahrq.gov/ahrq-funded-projects/emerging-lessons/participant-recruitment-research
Sample Participant Informed Consent
The following link provides an example of a sample participants informed consent. Please note the components that are contained within. Many schools have their own version for the students to utilize in research. If this became a requirement in your research paper, this form would be included in the appendices section, following your reference section and would be included in your paper’s table of contents.
https://www.tcd.ie/swsp/assets/pdf/Participant
%20consent
%20form
%20template.pdf
Take a moment to think about how you would incorporate the principles of ethics into your research. Would you willingly violate ethical principles to get your papers published or complete your studies?
How would you inform your participants regarding their rights? What would you do if you discover that a participant does not comprehend the terms of the agreement or has a language barrier? We are responsible for the well-being of our participants. This data must be included on your IRB initial application, also the methodology section of your papers much include this data.
It is also important for us to protect research data which must be secured both during and after the study. It is also our responsibility to inform the IRB that the study has been concluded and documents must be completed to reflect this change.
Please reach out to me if there any questions, comments or concerns.
Thanks,

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