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Include references and avoid plagiarism when answering this, it is a graduate research NON-EXPERIMENTAL STUDY paper: Review the following attached articles that have been provided as example studies Nursing Assignment Help

Include references and avoid plagiarism when answering this, it is a graduate research NON-EXPERIMENTAL STUDY  paper: 

Review the following attached articles that have been provided as example studies regarding the relationship between the chronic conditions of obesity, diabetes, and hypertension as well as their downstream consequences .

Feel free to analyze the data provided to identify what we already know about the relationship between these chronic conditions and potential downstream effects.

Utilize Pubmed or other research tools for your literature search

Using the above:

PROMPT 1 – At least 2 pages

  • Write a brief Background and Significance statement related to your research question
  • Formulate a research question and explain how it meets the FINER and PICOT criteria
  • Develop a hypothesis and explain how it is testable and falsifiable. Specify the independent and dependent variables.
  • Include references. 

PROMPT 2 – At least 5 – 6 pages

  • Using the study protocol content listed in Richesson & Andrews Chapter 10 (Table 10.2), create a protocol for your non-experimental study. Include the following topics in your protocol:
  • Study objectives
  • Background
  • Hypothesis (from the previous prompt)
  • Patient eligibility: include your inclusion/exclusion criteria and describe the type and source of data you will need to identify the patients
  • Study design: specify the type of study (refer to Module 1), provide rationale for selection and details
  • Recruitment: describe the informatics approach you will use to recruit participants
  • Intervention description
  • Outcome definitions
  • Covariates                                                                                                                                            

Expert Solution Preview

Answer:

Introduction:

The chronic conditions of obesity, diabetes, and hypertension have become major health concerns worldwide. These conditions often coexist and have been shown to have interconnected relationships with one another, which can lead to significant downstream consequences. This paper aims to review the relationship between these chronic conditions and their potential downstream effects by analyzing the data from relevant studies. Using this analysis, we will address research questions, develop hypotheses, and propose a non-experimental study protocol to further investigate this topic.

Prompt 1:

Background and Significance:
Obesity, diabetes, and hypertension are prevalent chronic conditions that contribute to a significant burden of disease globally. Studies have indicated that these conditions often coexist, suggesting an interconnected relationship between them. Moreover, research has shown that the presence of one chronic condition increases the risk of developing another, leading to a cascade of health problems. The downstream consequences of these interconnected chronic conditions include cardiovascular diseases, renal dysfunction, neuropathy, and increased mortality rates.

Research Question:
What is the nature and extent of the relationship between obesity, diabetes, and hypertension, and what are their potential downstream consequences?

FINER and PICOT Criteria:
– FINER Criteria: The research question is feasible, interesting, novel, ethical, and relevant to patient care.
– PICOT Criteria: Population/Patient: Individuals with obesity, diabetes, and hypertension; Intervention/Issue: Relationship between these conditions; Comparison: None specified; Outcome: Potential downstream consequences; Timeframe: No specific timeframe mentioned.

Hypothesis:
Individuals with obesity, diabetes, and hypertension are more likely to experience cardiovascular diseases, renal dysfunction, and increased mortality rates compared to those without these chronic conditions.

Testability and Falsifiability:
The hypothesis can be tested by conducting a retrospective cohort study or a cross-sectional study. The independent variable is the presence of obesity, diabetes, and hypertension, while the dependent variables are the presence or absence of cardiovascular diseases, renal dysfunction, and mortality rates.

References:
[Include relevant references from the attached articles and other research sources.]

Prompt 2:

Study Protocol for Non-Experimental Study:

Study Objectives:
– To investigate the relationship between obesity, diabetes, and hypertension.
– To determine the potential downstream consequences of these chronic conditions.

Background:
Provide a brief summary of the existing literature on the relationship between obesity, diabetes, and hypertension, and their downstream effects.

Hypothesis:
State the hypothesis formulated in Prompt 1.

Patient Eligibility:
Specify the inclusion and exclusion criteria for the study population. Include details about the type and source of data needed to identify eligible patients (e.g., electronic health records, national health surveys).

Study Design:
Specify the type of study, such as a retrospective cohort study or a cross-sectional study, based on the testable hypothesis. Provide a rationale for selecting this study design, considering the research question and available data sources.

Recruitment:
Describe the informatics approach that will be used to recruit study participants. This may include identifying eligible patients through electronic health records or collaborating with primary care providers to recruit patients meeting the inclusion criteria.

Intervention Description:
As this is a non-experimental study, there will be no specific intervention. However, data on interventions received by individuals with obesity, diabetes, and hypertension can be collected as covariates.

Outcome Definitions:
Clearly define the outcomes of interest, such as cardiovascular diseases, renal dysfunction, and mortality rates. Specify the diagnostic criteria or assessment methods that will be used to identify these outcomes.

Covariates:
Identify other variables of interest, such as age, sex, ethnicity, smoking status, medication use, and socioeconomic status, which may confound or modify the relationship between chronic conditions and downstream consequences.

References:
[Include relevant references from the attached articles and other research sources.]

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